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Welcome to the knowledge base section. You can find answers to all your “animal care” queries here.
First aid for Dogs
A horrifying number of Street dogs and cats die because of lack of medical attention. This is all the more tragic because wounds and injuries are surprisingly simple to treat, once you’ve learnt how. Especially for very serious cases, the dog does not even need to be hospitalized. With your help, street dogs can live a happy and healthy life. Some of the most common problems that street dogs suffer from are skin infections, wounds and maggot wounds. All these can be treated easily on site (unless very severe when the dog needs to be taken to a vet or a shelter).
First Aid Kit:
Scissors, forceps, thermometer, chain to restrain the dog, tape to muzzle the dog (or buy a regular muzzle from a vet), adhesive tape, Gauze Bandages, cotton wool, bandages.
Betadine Lotion and Ointment, Neosporin or Nebasulf powder, Himax Ointment (a miracle medicine for animals) or Skinoment, Betnovate Skin Cream, Soframycin skin ointment, Ivermectin – 10 ml vial, Topicure spray, Scabnil Oleo, Neem oil, antibiotic such as Cifran 500 mg (for 20 kg dog), Avil tablets (25 mg or 50 mg -depending on the age and weight of the dog), Petmosol soap, Ecktodex or Ridd, Ivermectin tablets, sulphur powder, camphor powder, boric powder, coconut oil, kerosene oil, Cetrimide Lotion (Anti-allergic wash from Piramal Healthcare)
This is the most common problem that dogs suffer from. In the first instance, try and avoid them getting skin infections by taking precautions. Give a pinch of sulphur in the dog’s food once a week. You can also give a neem tablet (from Himalaya Drug Co.) once a week which is most effective too. If we can help treat their skin infections, it would eliminate a great deal of suffering the dog undergoes. The most common diseases are mange and scabies and fungal infection. Most dogs can be treated at site. There are various treatments:
Treatment 1 (allopathic treatment)
• If possible, give the dog a bath with Petmosol soap. (Repeat once a week till the dog heals).
• Apply Ektodex 1 tsp in 1 litre solution (or as instructed on the bottle). Note: As this medication is poisonous, do not let the dog lick himself. Try and walk the dog till the medicine dries.
• Antibiotics have to be prescribed as the constant scratching will have caused bacterial infections. Amoxycillin can be given 2 times a day for three days along with Vitamin B capsules. Avil can also be given to relieve the itching.
Treatment 2 (Do not apply this mixture on cats)
• Mix Scabnil Oleo with an equal part of Neem oil.
• Apply on the dog with a brush. Repeat every 4 days.
• The main ingredient of Scabnil Oleo is karanj oil which is a powerful anti-fungal agent. Neem oil is also strongly anti-fungal.
Treatment 3 (Home remedy)
Warm Coconut oil and mix 10 cubes of camphor (camphor packet available in the market) and 1 tsp sulphur powder in it. Then put in 1 tsp Boric powder in it and then kerosene oil and cool the mixture. Apply the mixture on the dog’s skin, so that it reaches the hair roots. (You can clip the hair if you cannot reach the roots. You can keep this mixture in a small glass bottle and repeat it until the dog is healed.
Some general points for skin diseases. Treatment 2 is very effective for parasitic skin disease like mange or scabies. In general, we have found Treatment 3 to be very effective in heat-related skin problems. This is because of the cooling properties of camphor. At the time of application this treatment may irritate the skin and make the dog restless, but this will pass off in an hour or two. Usually, dogs do not try to lick these ointments because of the strong smell. However, to be on the safe side it might be a good idea to keep the dog muzzled during application.
WOUNDS (Prevention of maggot wounds)
You may be lucky enough to spot a wound before a housefly does. Do not neglect even a small wound especially if the dog cannot reach it to lick it since they are the ones which very quickly become maggot infested. A gaping wound, however, is going to require stitches and the dog would be required to be taken to the vet. If it doesn’t, then you can treat it yourself.
Betadine lotion, Neosporin powder, Himax ointment.
1. Clean the wound with Betadine lotion.
2. Sprinkle Neosporin (or Nebasulf) powder liberally into the wound.
3. Put Himax on the wound liberally to keep away flies so that it doesn’t become a maggot wound. If the dog has a caretaker, try leaving Himax with him and tell him to apply it on the wound every day until it heals.
An open, round and deep wound with bleeding and which also gives out a foul smell are usually clear indication of a maggot wound (see image). Since it is a painful procedure, the dog must be muzzled when it is being treated. Do not treat head wounds but take the dog to a vet or a shelter.
An exhaustive article on treating Maggot wounds can be read here.
Ivermectin 10ml vial, Topicure Spray, Betadine lotion, Nebasulf/Neosporin Powder, Lorexane ointment, Himax
• Put in Ivermectin (about 4-5 drops) in the wound.
• You can also spray Topicure deep into the wound so that it irritates the maggots to emerge out. If maggots start to emerge, remove them with tweezers.
• Then apply Nebasulf or Neosporin powder into the wound to heal and dry it. Next apply Lorexane cream and fill the wound with this.
• The final and most important layer is the ayurvedic fly repellant Himax cream. Apply it liberally all over the wound so that flies do not get to the wound again.
• The next day if you can treat the wound again, you will need to repeat the same steps again.
• Once the wound is a pink colour, you can just sprinkle Neosporin powder in the wound and apply Himax liberally on top of it until it heals.
How to tie a muzzle to treat a dog?
• Use a long strip of material or a tape (not adhesive or any sticky tape, please)
• Place the strip of material on top of the dog’s nose.
• Loop the material under the dog’s chin and tie it into a knot.
• Bring the ends of the material back behind the dog’s ears and tie into a bow on top of the head.
Use the muzzle only for treating a dog for a few minutes as the dog can get overheated.
Traveling with your pet
TRAVEL BY TRAIN
Train Travel Rules with Your Pet:
• A passenger can take pet dog along with him in AC First Class or First Class only, provided he/she reserves either a two-berth or a four-berth compartment exclusively for his/her use, paying the due charges depending upon the type of train.
• Passengers traveling in other classes are not permitted to carry the dog along with them. But the dog can be booked and carried in the Luggage/Brake Van paying the charges depending upon the type of train. Specially designed Dog Boxes are available in the Brake Van for this purpose.
• Passengers may contact the Parcel Office to book their pet dogs.
• Passengers detected carrying dogs un booked will be charged as per extant rules.
• Dogs when carried in the break-van and/or A.C.C. and first-class passenger compartments will be charged for at Scale ‘L’ (luggage Rates) on the basis of weights indicated below, subject to a minimum charge of Rs.10/- per dog, charges being Prepaid: – When carried in break van (Dog-Box) 30 kg When carried in passengers compartments 60 kg. Click here to see the original receipt which you will receive from luggage counter of railway station
• “Seeing Eye” dog travelling with a blind person in the compartment (First class) will, however, be charged the same tariff as for dogs carried in brake van. The dogs must be provided with Collars and Chains.
• Owners should make their own arrangements for water and food for the dog during the journey. Dogs detected unbooked will be charged at six times the Luggage Scale Rate subject to a minimum of Rs.50/-
• A passenger travelling in First Air condition class or first class may take a dog into the compartment only with the concurrence of fellow passengers on payment of charges vide Clause (1) above. The charges are to be prepaid.
• If fellow passengers subsequently object to the dog remaining in the compartment, it will be removed to the Guard’s van, no refund being given. Dogs detected un booked with the passenger in IA and 1st class compartments will be charged six times the Luggage scale Rate subject to a minimum of Rs.50/-. A lady travelling alone with children under 12 years of age in a first-class compartment may take with her in the compartment one dog on payment of charges at the Dog Box Rates, subject to a minimum of Rs.10/- provided that if another lady enters the compartment, the dog can only be allowed to remain in the compartment with her consent.
• Any dog detected un booked will be charged at double the dog-box rate for the distance up to the point of detection and at the dog-box rate for the distance beyond the total charge being subject to a minimum of Rs.20/- for each dog.
• Dogs are not allowed to be carried in AC Sleeper Coaches, Ac chair car coaches sleeper class and second class coaches.
If a dog is found being carried in contravention of this rule, it will be removed immediately to the brake-van and charges will be levied six times the Luggage Scale Rate subject to a minimum of Rs.50/- * Charge for dog carried in reserved compartments will be levied at the dog-box rate. Any dog / cats detected un booked will be charged six times the Luggage Scale Rate subject to a minimum of Rs.50/- * Large dogs which cannot be carried in the dog-box of a brake van will be carried in a special vehicle at the same rates and conditions as for horses.
Click here to visit official Indian Railway website for rules for carrying carriage.
TRAVELLING BY AIR
We understand that your pets are family to you.
Your pet can be transported either as ‘Accompanied (part of checked baggage)’ or ‘Unaccompanied’ (shipped via Cargo).
Pets booked as accompanied baggage or excess baggage
Pets booked as accompanied or checked baggage are transported in the cargo hold of the aircraft in a pet container, provided by the pet owner and approved by the regulatory authorities. To book your pet under this category, please contact any Airways reservations and ticketing office or our call centre on IVR.
Pets booked as unaccompanied baggage (manifested cargo)
In case your pet is travelling ‘Unaccompanied’ you may contact our Cargo office for booking the travel. Both Accompanied and Unaccompanied pets will travel in the cargo hold of the aircraft.
Common Airlines policy with respect to carriage of animals
• They accept domesticated dogs, cats, birds and rabbits on flights within India (except ATR-operated flights).
• Domesticated dogs and cats only will be accepted on International flights. (Except flights to / from UK).
• Female pets with suckling young and un-weaned puppies / kittens will not be accepted.
• Weaned puppies or kittens under 8 weeks will not be accepted.
• Pregnant animals will not be accepted.
• Book your pet dog or cat at least 24 hours in advance as accompanied baggage for domestic flights and at least 72 hours in advance for international flights.
• Live animals will be carried in the cargo hold only and cannot be carried in the cabin.
• Airlines may accept a maximum of 3 pet containers on B737 aircraft and a maximum of 5 pet containers on A330 / B777 / A320 / A321 / A319 / B787 aircraft, subject to space availability.
• One guest can carry maximum of three pet containers on Domestic flights and two pets containers as accompanied baggage on International flights in the aircraft hold subject to space availability.
• Most of the airlines are not liable in case of injury or death of the animal.
• Dogs and cats must be at least 8 weeks old for travel in India or a minimum of 4 months old for travel on International flights.
• Live animals along with their respective container weighing up to 32 kg, will be accepted as checked-in baggage. If the weight exceeds 32 kg, the same will be accepted for carriage as cargo.
Some countries prohibit import of certain aggressive breeds of dogs, hybrid dogs/cats. These breeds will not be acceptable on few airlines to those countries with particular breed prohibitions.
Service animals accompanying a disabled guest in the passenger cabin do not fall under this category.
Forbidden breeds of pets for carriage
Few Airlines does not accepts the following breed of dogs and cats, including snub nosed, as these animals are susceptible to increased risk of heat stroke (when exposed to stress or temperatures above 21 degrees Celsius), breathing difficulties or increased stress due to travel.
All snub-nosed dog breeds and their cross-breeds, including
• Bulldogs (all varieties)
• Mastiffs (all varieties)
• Spaniels (some varieties)
• Terriers (all varieties)
• Mastiffs (all varieties)
• Brussels Griffin (Petit Brabançon)
• Chow Chow
• Dogo Argentino
• Fila Brasileiro & their crosses
• Japanese Chin (Chin, Japanese Spaniel, Japanese Pug)
• Lhasa Apso
• Pit Bull
• Shar Pei
• Shih Tzu
The following cat breeds and their cross-breeds
Animal protection laws in India
India has some of the finest provisions to safeguard animals in the world. For example, did you know it is illegal to relocate stray dogs that have been spayed? Or that it is illegal to incite or organize animal fights? Many people may be unaware of the laws compassionate lawmakers have passed to safeguard animals.
Here, Humane Society International/India gives you the lowdown on legislation in relation to animal welfare in India so you can be informed of what protections are available to animals.
1. It is the fundamental duty of every citizen of India to have compassion for all living creatures. Article 51A(g).
2. To kill or maim any animal, including stray animals, is a punishable offence. IPC Sections 428 and 429.
3. Abandoning any animal for any reason can land you in prison for up to three months. Section 11(1)(i) and Section 11(1)(j), PCA Act, 1960.
4. No animal (including chickens) can be slaughtered in any place other than a slaughterhouse. Sick or pregnant animals shall not be slaughtered. Rule 3, of Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, (Slaughterhouse) Rules, 2001 and Chapter 4, Food Safety and Standards Regulations, 2011.
5. Stray dogs that have been operated for birth control cannot be captured or relocated by anybody including any authority. ABC Rules, 2001.
6. Neglecting an animal by denying her sufficient food, water, shelter and exercise or by keeping him chained/confined for long hours is punishable by a fine or imprisonment of up to 3 months or both. Section 11(1)(h), PCA Act, 1960.
7. Monkeys are protected under the Wildlife (Protection)Act, 1972 and cannot be displayed or owned.
8. Bears, monkeys, tigers, panthers, lions and bulls are prohibited from being trained and used for entertainment purposes, either in circuses or streets. Section 22(ii), PCA Act, 1960.
9. Animal sacrifice is illegal in every part of the country. Rule 3, Slaughterhouse Rules, 2001.
10. Organizing of or participating in or inciting any animal fight is a cognizable offence. Section 11(1)(m)(ii) and Section 11(1)(n), PCA Act, 1960.
11. Cosmetics tested on animals and the import of cosmetics tested on animals is banned. Rules 148-C and 135-B of Drugs & Cosmetics Rules, 1945.
12. Teasing, feeding or disturbing the animals in a zoo and littering the zoo premises is an offence punishable by a fine of Rs. 25000 or imprisonment of up to three years or both. Section 38J, Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
13. Capturing, trapping, poisoning or baiting of any wild animal or even attempting to do so is punishable by law, with a fine of up to Rs. 25000 or imprisonment of up to seven years or both. Section 9, Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
14. Disturbing or destroying eggs or nests of birds and reptiles or chopping a tree having nests of such birds and reptiles or even attempting to do so constitutes to hunting and attracts a punishment of a fine of up to Rs. 25000, or imprisonment of up to seven years or both. Section 9, Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
15. Conveying or carrying animals whether in or upon any vehicle, in any manner or position which causes discomfort, pain or suffering is a punishable offence under two Central Acts. Section 11(1)(d) Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, (Transport of Animal) Rules, 2001 and Motor Vehicles Act 1978.
Rules related to feeding pets & street dogs in India
With apartment complexes becoming the norm and more and more activists and residents actively engaging in taking care of their pets and stray dogs, it becomes important for people to understand their duties, rights and responsibilities, for the welfare of their pets and their neighbours.
Residents often find letters taped to the apartment’s notice boards that delegate (extremely weird) laws related to pet dog owners, residents, pets, street dogs, and end up submitting to it mostly because they’re unaware of the by-laws or guidelines already in place.
Guidelines for the ones who take care of street dogs
Now there are many who take care of the ownerless, stray dogs selflessly – they often feed them leftovers or prepare food for them, offer them warm dog clothes in winters and silently take care of them.
Even if the Indian Constitution advises peaceful coexistence in between all creatures and lists it as one of our Fundamental Duties (Article 51(g)) to show compassion to all living creatures, things are not as simple as it looks!
To let you know what by-laws are in place, we have rounded some guidelines passed by the Animal Welfare Board of India.
1. Those who take care of street dogs are also advised to participate in their sterilisation and assist animal welfare organisations in taking good care of their health.
2. Care-givers are advised not to feed street dogs near residences which do not belong to them, places immediately adjacent to areas in which children play, areas in which people take walks or in places that are generally crowded.
3. Care-givers cannot be forced to control the defecation habits of strays but are advised to participate in it.
4. They are also advised to keep a record of sterilisation of the dogs and share the information with residents.
Guidelines for pet dog owners living in society apartments
Pet owners often find themselves in conflict with other residents in a society when it comes to their pets. To clarify, here are some guidelines for pet owners and other residents of the society:
1. Pet owners rightly can consider their pets as family members but they have to ensure their pets don’t cause inconvenience to others.
2. No Resident Welfare Association has the right to ban residents from keeping pets in their apartments, not even by getting a majority vote in the society with the help of other tenants or residents. Doing so is a violation of the law.
3. No pets can be banned from lifts. No ban or special charges can be imposed on pet owners for using lifts with their pets.
4. Leashing the dog is advisable (but not compulsory) when the dog is taken out for walks. It will make the people around feel safe. Leashing also ensures the safety of the pet from being run over by vehicles.
5. Even if Residents’ Welfare Association cannot impose fines on any pet owner who do not clean their pet’s excreta, they can request pet owners to clean up after their dogs defecate for society’s cleanliness.
The duly filled in application form has to be sent to the Chennai office of the Board.
The address of the Chennai office of the Board is:
Animal Welfare Board of India
13/1, Third Seaward Road,
Chennai- 600 041